Philosophy is a subversive activity.

". . . reason accepts no authority above itself and is necessarily subversive."
Allan Bloom, The Closing of the
American Mind
(1987), p. 258.


"The autonomous man is of necessity an anarchist." Robert Paul Wolff, "On Violence,"
The Journal of Philosophy 66 (1969), p. 608.



Digital Text International

Andrew Chrucky

Escaping from Bullshit
(Ditext Blog)

Philosophical Topics
Online Papers and Books
Philosophical Political Anarchism Secession


Switzerland is the most democratic country in the world
  1. People have the right to a referendum and initiative at various levels of government: federal, cantonal and municipal.
  2. Citizens vote on changes to the constitution.
  3. Federal administration is in the hands of SEVEN individuals, and not ONE person (a president, king, or prime minister) with her or his whims.

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