The “Four Horsemen” Clockwise from top left: Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, Daniel Dennett, and Sam Harris. According to Richard Dawkins, “We are all atheists about most of the gods that societies have ever believed in. Some of us just go one god further.”
Richard Dawkins, The God Delusion, 2006.
Christopher Hitchens, God is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything, 2007.
Daniel Dennet, Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon, 2006.
Sam Harris, The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason, 2004.
Brian D. Earp, The Unbearable Asymmetry of Bullshit
Francis Bacon (1561-1626), in his Novum Organum (1620), classifies the sources of false beliefs (i.e. bullshit beliefs) into four categories or idols:
idols of the tribe (idola tribus),
idols of the cave (idola specus),
idols of the market (idola fori), and
idols of the theater (idola theatri).
C. D. Broad, The Philosophy of Francis Bacon, 1926.
Alan Sokal speaking in Stockholm
Richard Dawkins on Post Modernism Invading Science
Steven Weinberg: Is It Anti-Science or Just Confusion?
Chomsky on Science and Postmodernism
1. Claims containing incompatibilities have bullshit claims.
2. What is incompatible with well-grounded science is bullshit.
Two classic books about science and religion are:
John William Draper, History of the Conflict between Religion and Science, 1875.
Andrew Dickson White, A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology, 1897.
Martin Gardner, Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science, 1952.